House dust includes the mold spores or corpses and feces of the mite, among other things, which would cause allergies, asthma, and unspecific hypersensitivities. The possibility of having an allergic reaction to house dust is particularly high for children. In this study, experiments and simulations were performed to study the flow and diffusion fields affected by different location and shape of outlets. Two kinds of ventilation strategies were considered, i.e., ceiling exhaust and floor-level slit exhaust. In the experiments, for the two cases, the characteristics of airflow within the whole room are generally similar except for the airflow close to the outlet. Riboflavin particles were used as the house dust; the amount of particles in the ceiling exhaust was a little larger than that of the slit exhausted after particles decreased to the same level as the background. Flow and diffusion fields were investigated by computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations. The characteristics of airflow are similar for both experimental and simulation results. The particles with a diameter of 0.5-3.0 μm in the experimental data and calculated values showed good agreement. It was concluded that floor-level slit exhaust ventilation strategy produced less house dust in the whole room than the ceiling exhaust did.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Building and Construction