Effect of titanium addition on the formation and distribution of MnS inclusions in steel during solidification

Katsunari Oikawa, Kiyohito Ishida, Taiji Nishizawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

105 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Effect of titanium addition on the size and dispersion of MnS inclusions in Fe-0.1 C-1 Mn-0.02S(mass%) base alloys has been investigated by microscopy. Titanium addition brings about a marked decrease in the size of MnS inclusions which are otherwise large and globular in Ti-free specimens. The formation mechanism of MnS inclusions is discussed on the basis of phase diagram information and thermodynamics of particle engulfment during solidification. It is shown that the reduction in size of the MnS particles consequent on Ti addition is directly the result of successive nucleation events involving (Ti,Mn) O and MnS at the solid/liquid interface of iron.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)332-338
Number of pages7
JournalIsij International
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Interface energy
  • Manganese sulphide
  • Monotectic reaction
  • Nucleation
  • Phase diagram
  • Titanium oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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