Background: Patients with COPD are less physically active. This post hoc analysis of a randomized, double-blind, active-controlled, crossover trial assessed the efficacy of once-daily tiotropium/olodaterol combination therapy versus tiotropium monotherapy in Japanese patients with COPD. Patients and methods: Patients were provided with a three-axis accelerometer to measure sedentary and active behavior defined as 1.0–1.5 metabolic equivalents (METs), ≥2.0 METs, and ≥3.0 METs, respectively. Of the 182 patients enrolled, 131 satisfied the conditions for the present analysis and were randomized to tiotropium monotherapy (n=62) or tiotropium/ olodaterol combination therapy (n=69). Results: Tiotropium/olodaterol combination therapy significantly reduced the duration of 1.0–1.5 MET activity by 8.64 mins (p=0.040) and significantly increased the duration of ≥2.0 MET and ≥3.0 MET activity by 6.51 mins (p=0.017) and 2.60 mins (p=0.008), respectively, compared with tiotropium alone. Subgroup analyses showed that better lung function, milder dyspnea, and higher levels of physical activity at baseline were associated with reduced sedentary time and increased duration of physical activity. Conclusion: Tiotropium/olodaterol combination therapy significantly reduced sedentary time and improved physical activity compared with tiotropium monotherapy. This trial was registered in ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT02629965).
- Physical activity
- Sedentary behavior
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Health Policy
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health