We analyse the effect of thermal contraction of rock on fracture permeability. The analysis is carried out by using a 2D FEM code which can treat the coupled problem of fluid flow in fractures, elastic and thermal deformation of rock and heat transfer. In the analysis, we assume high-temperature rock with a uniformly-distributed fracture network. The rock is subjected to in-situ confining stresses. Under the conditions, low-temperature fluid is injected into the fracture network. Our results show that even under confining environment, the considerable increase in fracture permeability appears due to thermal deformation of rock, which is caused by the difference in temperature of rock and injected fluid. However, for the increase of fracture permeability, the temperature difference is necessary to be larger than a critical value, gDT c , which is given as a function of in-situ stresses, pore pressure and elastic properties of rock.