To investigate the effect of the load condition on frictional heat and temperature within a tri-cone bit, a series of experiments were performed to simulate the mechanical conditions during drilling. The bearing characteristic number, which indicates load conditions such as rotation speed, weight on the bit, and flow resistance, was used to interpret the results. The Stribeck curve of the bearing shows the bearing was in a state of mixed (boundary. +. elasto-hydrodynamic) lubrication, not in a smooth hydrodynamic lubrication. When drilling high-temperature formations, the bottomhole temperature is higher than that in the experiment, and mixed lubrication progresses to boundary lubrication. The temperature within the bit increases readily, damaging the O-ring seal in the journal bearing.
- Bearing characteristic number
- Flow residence of grease
- Heat generation in bit
- Mixed lubrication
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology