Effect of surface doping on the band structure of graphene: a DFT study

K. Iyakutti, E. Mathan Kumar, I. Lakshmi, Ranjit Thapa, R. Rajeswarapalanichamy, V. J. Surya, Y. Kawazoe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Various techniques, like doping, vacancy creation, strain engineering are tried to open a gap in the bandstructure of graphene and in some cases the gap has opened up. However, when the gap opens up the Dirac cones disappear. Without Dirac cones, graphene loses all its novelty. So opening a gap in graphene, retaining Dirac cones has become a challenging task. We, through first principles study using Density Functional theory, have done band gap tuning investigations. We have succeeded in opening the band gap, retaining the Dirac cones. Surface doping (adsorption) of various elements are tried and finally surface doping of sulfur is found to induce band gap opening in graphene. The Dirac cones are retained and the graphene is now a semiconductor with fast moving massless Dirac Fermions. We are reporting this type of calculations for the first time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2728-2740
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Mar 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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