Effect of pH on atmospheric scorodite synthesis by oxidation of ferrous ions: Physical properties and stability of the scorodite

T. Fujita, R. Taguchi, M. Abumiya, M. Matsumoto, E. Shibata, Takashi Nakamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the scorodite novel synthesis reaction, where ferrous ions were oxidized by oxygen gas in the presence of a high concentration of arsenic(V), the effect of sodium ion and reaction pH was investigated. The results indicate a prominent pH effect but a relatively minor influence of sodium ion. The pH range suitable for the synthesis of stable scorodite was pH 0.3 to 1.0. For solution pH higher than 1.2, the precipitates were very fine and the amounts of scorodite and arsenic that dissolved increased. The leaching profile showed a striking change at pH 1.2 that has not been adequately explained by previous literature. Below pH 1.0, the precipitates contained more sulfur and sodium as the pH decreased and had Fe/(As + S) molar ratios below 1. The precipitates obtained from the reaction with a final pH of around 0 had increased arsenic mobility. Consequently, the pH range of 0.3 to 1.0 was judged to be favorable for synthesizing stable scorodite that dissolves < 0.1 mg/L arsenic. The arsenic leaching profile was related to Fe/(As + S) molar ratio, which indicates the degree of distortion of the scorodite crystal structure. A simple substitution model of AsO43- for SO42- does not explain the stoichiometric shortage of iron but no crystalline structure other than scorodite was identified by XRD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-198
Number of pages10
JournalHydrometallurgy
Volume96
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Apr 1

Keywords

  • Arsenic(V) precipitation
  • Ferrous oxidation
  • Scorodite
  • pH effect, Sodium jarosite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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