Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have physiological function and involve alteration of physical state. However, it is not clear effect of oxidative stress on pharmacokinetics. Organic anion transporting polypeptides (human: OATPs, rodent: Oatps) are important for uptake of endogenous and exogenous compounds into hepatocytes. Thus, alteration of OATPs/Oatps expression level may affect pharmacokinetics of various drugs. In this study, we investigated the alteration of OATPs/Oatps expression levels and function by oxidative stress, and the effect of alteration of those on pharmacokinetics of a typical OATPs/Oatps substrate pravastatin. OATPs/Oatps expression levels and function were altered by H2O2-induced oxidative stress in in vitro experiments. The alteration of Oatps expression by oxidative stress also occurred in in vivo experiments. Oatp1a1, Oatp1a4 and Oatp1b2 expression in the liver were decreased in rats fed powdery diet containing 2% inosine, which induces oxidative stress through activation of xanthine oxidase, for 1 day. The decrease in Oatps expression levels by oxidative stress caused the suppression of pravastatin uptake to the liver, and resulted in high plasma concentration of pravastatin and low biliary excretion. In conclusion, oxidative stress induces alteration of OATPs/Oatps expression and function in hepatocytes, resulting in alteration of pharmacokinetics of their substrates.
- Hydrogen peroxide
- Organic anion transporting polypeptide
- Oxidative stress
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmaceutical Science