Effect of organic hydrophobic groups on the pore structure and thermal properties of waterglass-based silica xerogels

Kazuma Oikawa, Kei Toyota, Shigeaki Sakatani, Yamato Hayashi, Hirotsugu Takizawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hydrophobic silica xerogels containing trimethylsilyl (TMS) and dimethylsilyl (DMS) organic hydrophobic functional groups were synthesized using waterglass as the starting material. Five types of hydrophobic silica xerogels with varying surface coverages of the TMS and DMS groups were synthesized by changing the molecular structure of siloxane, which was used to introduce the hydrophobic moieties into the hydrogel and to investigate the resultant surface structures and thermal characteristics. The results revealed that the relative area of silica xerogels was smaller with a higher coverage of DMS groups. In addition, the thermal decomposition temperature of the silyl group shifted to higher temperatures, and the weight reduction during heating was also relatively limited in the above samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)906-912
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Ceramic Society of Japan
Volume125
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec

Keywords

  • Ambient pressure drying
  • Organic hydrophobic group
  • Silica xerogel
  • Thermal resistance
  • Waterglass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry

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