Effect of olmesartan and pravastatin on experimental cerebral aneurysms in rats

Naoto Kimura, Hiroaki Shimizu, Hany Eldawoody, Toshio Nakayama, Atsushi Saito, Teiji Tominaga, Akira Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The major initiation process of intracranial aneurysms is thought to involve endothelial dysfunction due to hemodynamic stress. Angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers and statins improve vascular endothelium function. The effects of olmesartan and pravastatin were investigated on the development of experimental aneurysms in rats. Eighty-three rats underwent aneurysm induction. Seven groups of 10-14 rats were treated with low or high dose olmesartan, low or high dose pravastatin, low doses of olmesartan and pravastatin, hydralazine, or no drug (control) for 12 weeks, when rats were sacrificed for vascular corrosion casting and scanning electron microscopy. Aneurysmal changes at the anterior cerebral-olfactory artery bifurcation were divided into stages 0 (no abnormality) to III (saccular aneurysm). Systolic arterial blood pressure was elevated over 170 mm Hg in the control, low dose pravastatin, and high dose pravastatin groups, but not in the other groups. The control group demonstrated aneurysmal changes in 100% and stage III in 50% of rats. Aneurysmal changes were observed in most rats in the other groups, but the incidence of stage III was 10% or less. The staging pattern showed significant differences between the groups (P = 0.028). Pravastatin reduced both stages III and II + III and olmesartan ameliorated stage III, implying that these may prevent aneurysmal formation through acting on different steps. (209 words).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)144-152
Number of pages9
JournalBrain research
Volume1322
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Mar 31

Keywords

  • Cerebral aneurysm
  • Experimental
  • Olmesartan
  • Pravastatin
  • Rat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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