Effect of office-based brief high-impact exercise on bone mineral density in healthy premenopausal women: The Sendai Bone Health Concept Study

Kaijun Niu, Riikka Ahola, Hui Guo, Raija Korpelainen, Jin Uchimaru, Aki Vainionpää, Kyoko Sato, Aiko Sakai, Sinikka Salo, Koshi Kishimoto, Eiji Itoi, Shoko Komatsu, Timo Jämsä, Ryoichi Nagatomi

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25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although there is ample evidence supporting the effectiveness of physical activity in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis, there are no previous studies to examine the effect of office-based brief high-impact exercise (HIE) on bone mineral density (BMD) in healthy premenopausal women. This study evaluated the effects of office-based HIE on BMD in healthy premenopausal Japanese women. Ninety-one healthy premenopausal women were randomized to receive stretching exercise (SE) or HIE (stretching, along with up to 5 × 10 vertical and versatile jumps) for 12 months. The BMD of the lumbar spine and proximal femur was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Several cardiovascular risk factors and leg strength also were assessed. An accelerometer-based recorder was used to measure daily impact loading in four 1-week samples. The progression of the HIE program was ensured by the accelerometer. Thirty-three women (71.7%) in the SE group and 34 (75.6%) in the HIE group completed the study. There was a significant difference in the change in the femoral neck BMD between the groups in favor of the HIE group [0.6% (95% CI: -0.4, 1.7) vs. -1.0% (95% CI: -2.2, 0.2)]. Adiponectin, LDL, HDL, and the leg strength of participants in both the groups improved during the intervention. These finding suggested that office-based brief HIE can be recommended for premenopausal women for preventing bone mineral loss.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)568-577
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Volume28
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Sep

Keywords

  • Accelerometer
  • Bone mineral density
  • Impact exercise
  • Osteoporosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Endocrinology

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    Niu, K., Ahola, R., Guo, H., Korpelainen, R., Uchimaru, J., Vainionpää, A., Sato, K., Sakai, A., Salo, S., Kishimoto, K., Itoi, E., Komatsu, S., Jämsä, T., & Nagatomi, R. (2010). Effect of office-based brief high-impact exercise on bone mineral density in healthy premenopausal women: The Sendai Bone Health Concept Study. Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism, 28(5), 568-577. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00774-010-0163-6