Effect of neutron spectrum on subcritical multiplication factor in accelerator-driven system

Naoto Aizawa, Masao Yamanaka, Tomohiko Iwasaki, Cheol Ho Pyeon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


A subcritical multiplication factor ks is the key parameter to determine the neutron multiplication in accelerator-driven system (ADS). The ks deduction method in experiments has been developed on the basis of the previous experimental results with soft spectrum core but the applicability of the previous deduction method to hard neutron spectrum core is not obvious. The present study performs the ADS experiments composed of uranium-lead (U[sbnd]Pb)zoned subcritical core and the spallation neutron source at Kyoto University Critical Assembly, and the reaction rates distributions are measured in the hard neutron spectrum core. The previous ks deduction method is applied to the experimental data and the calculation results obtained by the combined use of MVP and PHITS, and the calculated ks values do not agree with the experimental data due to the hard neutron spectrum originating from the U[sbnd]Pb zoned fuel region. By taking account of the hard spectrum effect in the U[sbnd]Pb zone into the previous ks deduction method, the revised ks values in the experiments agree well with the calculated ones. Thus, the hard neutron spectrum is concluded to have a significant impact on the ks deduction method, and should be taken into account to deduce ks appropriately.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)158-167
Number of pages10
JournalProgress in Nuclear Energy
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Sep


  • Accelerator-driven system
  • KUCA
  • Neutron spectrum
  • Reaction rate
  • Subcritical multiplication factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal


Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of neutron spectrum on subcritical multiplication factor in accelerator-driven system'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this