Effect of modified basic oxygen furnace slag on the controlled release of nitrate nitrogen and the functional microbial community in soil

Tingting Wen, Liyun Yang, Chenyuan Dang, Maomao Yang, Takahiro Miki, Hao Bai, Tetsuya Nagasaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The specific surface area and active adsorption sites of basic oxygen furnace (BOF) slag increase after BOF modification. The addition of modified BOF slag to the soil may enable the control of nitrate nitrogen (NO3–N) leaching and also affect the functional microflora in the soil. In this study, soil column leaching experiments were conducted to explore the effects of adding modified slag to the soil on the controlled release of NO3–N and the main functional microbial communities involved in nitrification and denitrification processes. The experimental design included seven column groups: a soil control group (CT); soil groups with 2.5%, 5%, and 10% raw slag (S1, S2, S3); and soil groups with 2.5%, 5%, and 10% modified slag (MS1, MS2, MS3) that were subjected to three cycles of leaching, each of which were comprised of five leaching treatments. After the three cycles of leaching, significantly less NO3–N had leached from the modified slag group compared to the CT and the raw slag groups (P < 0.05). Although both slag treatments increased soil pH and decreased the oxidation reduction potential of the soil leaching solution, the addition of modified slag had less effect on soil pH than the addition of raw slag. During column leaching, the group with modified slag had a higher gene abundance of functional microflora compared with the group with raw slag. Similarly, the modified slag group had a higher diversity and richness of denitrifying bacteria, ammonia-oxidizing archaea, and ammonia-oxidizing bacteria than the raw slag group. In conclusion, the addition of modified slag to soil effectively decreased the NO3–N leaching and had relatively little effect on the functional microbial community in the soil.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110191
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Volume261
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 May 1

Keywords

  • Ammonia-oxidizing archaea
  • Ammonia-oxidizing bacteria
  • Controlled-release
  • Denitrifying bacteria
  • Modified BOF slag
  • NO–N

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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