Effect of Li+ co-doping on the luminescence and defects creation processes in Gd3(Ga,Al)5O12:Ce scintillation crystals

S. Zazubovich, V. V. Laguta, P. Machek, K. Kamada, A. Yoshikawa, M. Nikl

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Photo- and thermally stimulated luminescence characteristics, as well as photostimulated defects creation processes are investigated in the 85–510 K temperature range for the Li+ co-doped single crystal of Gd3(Ga,Al)5O12:Ce (GAGG:Ce). The results for GAGG:Ce,Li are compared with the corresponding characteristics of the GAGG:Ce and GAGG:Ce, Mg single crystals of similar host composition. The influence of Li+ and Mg2+ ions on the Ce3+ - related emission band position, temperature dependence of the photoluminescence intensity, efficiency of the Gd3+ → Ce3+ energy transfer, intensity and decay kinetics of the afterglow, and thermally stimulated luminescence characteristics is revealed. The presence of the Ce3+ → Ce4+ conversion in GAGG:Ce,Li is confirmed. The conclusion is made that, unlike GAGG:Ce,Mg, the compensation of the Li+ excess negative charge in GAGG:Ce,Li occurs due to both the Ce3+ → Ce4+ conversion and the effective formation of intrinsic crystal lattice defects. The origin of these defects as well as the origin of the electron and hole trapping centers in the GAGG:Ce,Li crystal are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number118548
JournalJournal of Luminescence
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Feb


  • Garnet crystals
  • Lattice defects
  • Luminescence
  • Scintillators

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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