Effect of japanese green tea extract on canine periodontal diseases

E. Isogai, H. Isogai, K. Kimura, T. Nishikawa, N. Fujii, Y. Benno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Asaccharolytic pigmented Porphyromonas strains were isolated from the plaque of dogs with gingivitis and periodontitis. Various species of Porphyromonas, including P. endodontalis, P. gingivalis, P. circumdentaria and unclassified species, were detectable. Canine Porphyromonas were sensitive to Japanese green tea extract (JGTE). We examined the effects of dietary JGTE on periodontal diseases. A special diet was prepared on the basis of the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC: 0.8 mg/ml) of JGTE to several canine Porphyromonas species. Growth of all Porphyromonas isolates was inhibited at this concentration. After 2 mths, the percentage of canine Porphyromonas significantly decreased in the plaque microbiota. Concurrently with the observed decrease in percentage of these bacteria, gingival inflammation was inhibited. However, no change in the calculus index was recorded during the observation period. Levels of oral malodour varied among the dogs and diet with JGTE was effective in the inhibition of oral malodour. We concluded that JGTE was effective in the inhibition of canine periodontal diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-61
Number of pages5
JournalMicrobial Ecology in Health and Disease
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Keywords

  • Canine Porphyromonas
  • Green tea extract
  • Periodontal disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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