Effect of integration of scramjet into airframe on engine performance and payload

Daisuke Akihisa, Takeshi Kanda, Kouichiro Tani, Kenji Kudo, Goro Masuya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There are three typical configurations for integrating the scramjet into the airframe of aerospace planes: 1) The whole engine is on the windward ramp surface of the airframe. 2) The engine is located downstream of the forebody ramp where the surface of the airframe is parallel to the airframe axis. 3) The inlet entrance is on the ramp surface with the following engine parts parallel to the airframe axis. To examine the effects of integration on the engine performance, several types of the inlet models were tested in a wind tunnel, and simulations of the scramjet engine and the flight of the aerospace plane were conducted. The experimental results showed that the first and the third configurations showed better mass capture. In the second configuration, the precompression effect was neutralized by the expansion fan from the corner of the downstream end of the ramp. All configurations showed similar levels for kinetic energy efficiency. The simulation based on the experimental results showed that the third configuration produced the best engine thrust and the least airframe drag. In the second configuration, however, the engine could not produce sufficient thrust. Thus, it is recommended that the inlet should be located on the windward ramp surface of the vehicle to capture the precompressed air and the following engine components should be parallel to the airframe axis to reduce the cowl drag and to increase the thrust of the external nozzle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1026-1032
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Propulsion and Power
Volume18
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Space and Planetary Science

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of integration of scramjet into airframe on engine performance and payload'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this