It is necessary to know how the contact voltage and contact area vary with time to clarify the physics of contact lifetime and contact resistance. In this paper, to clarify the effect of the heating value on the diameter of the contact area, the variations of the contact voltage and contact diameter with time are measured at a low-speed breaking contact near the thermal equilibrium condition under which a stable bridge is generated. The effect of the heating value on the relationship between the contact diameter and the length of the bridge at breaking is also discussed. In the results, the contact voltage waveform was found to be macroscopically proportional to the displacement of the moving electrode l c. On the other hand, the contact diameter d c decreased slightly with increasing l c. At all currents investigated d c decreased when l c increased. The length of the bridge at breaking was increased by increasing the current. A large heating value of the contact area resulted in a long bridge because the volume of the melted metal increases.
- Contact area
- Electrical contact
- Low speed breaking
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering