Effect of heat transfer on the instabilities and transitions of supercritical CO2 flow in a natural circulation loop

Lin Chen, Xin Rong Zhang, Hiroshi Yamaguchi, Zhong Sheng Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Citations (Scopus)


System stabilities are of critical importance in natural circulation applications. Investigations show that for supercritical CO2 flow new behaviors can be seen in natural convection systems considering its temperature-sensitive physical properties. In the present study, numerical simulations on a supercritical CO2 natural circulation loop have been carried out to investigate the flow transitions and instabilities of such systems. In the present model heat sink temperature is kept at 298K while heat source temperature varies in the range of 310-1023K as a controlling parameter. It is found for the first time that for the present supercritical CO2 model there exists a transition heat source temperature at which the system changes from unstable repetitive-reversal flow into stable one-direction flow with the increase of temperature, which is fundamentally different from previous studies for normal fluid. In particular, the critical transition fluid temperature is found to be near the second " pseudo-critical temperature" at around 375K where the fluid properties experience major transitions with the increase of temperature. In addition, characteristics of flow stability behaviors are also analyzed in detail.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4101-4111
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Issue number19-20
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Sep


  • Flow transition
  • Heat transfer
  • Instability
  • Natural convection
  • Supercritical CO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of heat transfer on the instabilities and transitions of supercritical CO<sub>2</sub> flow in a natural circulation loop'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this