Effect of halide anions in ionic liquid added poly(vinyl alcohol)-based ion conductors for electrical double layer capacitors

Chiam Wen Liew, K. H. Arifin, J. Kawamura, Y. Iwai, S. Ramesh, A. K. Arof

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    19 Citations (Scopus)


    Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA)-based polymer electrolytes have been prepared using solution casting technique. Three different types of ionic liquids are added into PVA/ammonium acetate (CH3COONH4)-based polymer electrolytes, namely 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride (BmImCl), 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide (BmImBr) and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium iodide (BmImI). The ionic conductivity of ion conductors is increased by two orders of magnitude upon addition of ionic liquids, from (1.94 ± 0.01) × 10− 5 S cm− 1 to (5.74 ± 0.01) mS cm− 1 (BmImCl), (9.29 ± 0.01) mS cm− 1 (BmImBr) and (9.63 ± 0.01) mS cm− 1 (BmImI). Iodide system-based polymer electrolytes achieve the highest conductivity due to the lowest percentage of crystallinity as proven in X-ray diffractogram and the highest ion diffusion coefficient which can be proven in nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (H NMR). Electrical double layer capacitors (EDLCs) are fabricated using the highest conducting polymer electrolyte from each system. The electrochemical properties of assembled EDLCs are further investigated through cyclic voltammetry (CV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and galvanostatic charge–discharge (GCD). Among all the ionic liquids, BmImI-added polymer electrolyte is the most promising candidate as conducting medium in electrochemical device because of its highest ionic conductivity and capacitance value along with maximum power and energy densities.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)97-106
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
    Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 15


    • Capacitance
    • Electrical double layer capacitors (EDLCs)
    • Ion conductors
    • Ionic liquid
    • Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA)

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
    • Ceramics and Composites
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Materials Chemistry


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