Effect of Grain Boundary Structure on Weld Decay of Austenitic Stainless Steel (Part 3) Grain Boundary Structure and Carbide Precipitation in a Type 304 Stainless Steel at High Temperatures

Hiroyuki Kokawa, Takeshi Kuwana, Takashi Koyanagawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A type 304 austenitic stainless steel was heat-treated at temperatures of 800-1300 K, and the heat-treated specimens were observed by optical and transmission electron microscopy to examine the effect of crystallographic character of grain boundary on carbide precipitation and corrosion. At sensitizing temperatures, grain boundaries with carbide precipitation or corroded boundaries increased with holding time. Kikuchi line analyses showed that grain boundary carbide precipitation and corrosion sensitively depended on the grain boundary structure. A more ordered boundary needed longer time for carbide precipitation or corrosion than a less ordered boundary. This fact suggests that weld decay in austenitic stainless steel can be prevented by increasing the percentage of ordered boundaries in the material.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)531-537
Number of pages7
Journalquarterly journal of the japan welding society
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1991 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Grain boundary carbide
  • Grain boundary character
  • Grain boundary corrosion
  • Grain boundary structure
  • Kikuchi line analysis
  • Ordered boundary
  • Stainless steel
  • Transmission electron microscopy
  • Weld decay

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys

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