Effect of dissolved oxygen on hydrogenation of vanadium and hydrogen diffusion in the monohydride phase

Kohta Asano, Shigenobu Hayashi, Koji Mimura, Hirotoshi Enoki, Yumiko Nakamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We elucidate the effect of dissolved oxygen on the phase transformation and the diffusion of hydrogen in the V-H system. V forms monohydride (β) and dihydride (γ) phases by hydrogenation but a small amount of dissolved oxygen (O/V ≈ 0.01) leads to formation of another β phase expanded along the c-axis in a body centered tetragonal structure (BCT) rather than the γ phase. This change in the phase transformation is due to trapping hydrogen atoms by oxygen atoms, resulting in the shift of site occupation of hydrogen from octahedral (O) sites to tetrahedral (T) sites. Proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) demonstrates that the activation energy for hydrogen diffusion is increased by the trapping effect. Oxygen dissolved in V suppresses not only the formation of the γ phase but also the diffusion of hydrogen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-29
Number of pages7
JournalActa Materialia
Volume103
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 15

Keywords

  • Diffusion
  • Metal hydrides
  • Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)
  • Phase transformation
  • Vanadium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

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