Effect of Cu or Ti substitution in MgNi on crystal structure and hydrogen absorption-desorption properties

Yasutaka Kamata, Takahiro Kuriiwa, Atsunori Kamegawa, Masuo Okada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Our previous study showed the noble MgNi intermetallic compound with a CuTi-type crystal structure could be synthesized from amorphous MgNi precursor under more than 5 GPa by high pressure synthesis and could be hydrogenated into novel hydride with a CsCl-type crystal structure at 355 K under 2 MPa of hydrogen. In this study, hydrogen absorption-desorption properties of the MgNi compound with CuTi-type structure were investigated. It was found that the MgNi with CuTi-type structure absorbed and desorbed hydrogen reversibly at 473 K. Effects of substitution of Ni by Cu or Ti in the MgNi compounds were also investigated. Ternary MgNi1-xCux (x = 0.2,0.5) and MgNi0.9Ti0.1 compounds were synthesized from amorphous precursors by high pressure synthesis. The MgNi1-xCux (x = 0.2,0.5) and MgNi0.9Ti0.1 have CsCl-type crystal structure. The lattice parameter of MgNi1-xCux increased with increasing of Cu content. MgNi1-xCux (x = 0.2,0.5) and MgN0.9Ti0.1 could be hydrogenated under hydrogen pressure of 2 MPa and the crystal structure of these hydrides were CsCl-type structure. The hydrogen desorption temperature of these hydrides decreased with increasing of amount of Cu or Ti substitution of Ni. The substitution of Ni by Ti in MgNi improved the hydrogen absorption capacity from 1.65 to 2.06mass%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2064-2068
Number of pages5
JournalMaterials Transactions
Volume50
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Aug

Keywords

  • Copper or titanium substitution
  • High-pressure synthesis
  • Hydrogen storage alloy
  • Magnesium-nickel intermetallic compound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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