Effect of cellooligosaccharide or synbiotic feeding on growth performance, fecal condition and hormone concentrations in Holstein calves

Toshiya Hasunuma, Kenji Kawashima, Hirofumi Nakayama, Toshiaki Murakami, Hiroyuki Kanagawa, Takashige Ishii, Kiyoshi Akiyama, Kenji Yasuda, Fuminori Terada, Shiro Kushibiki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated the effect of cellooligosaccharide (CE) or a combination of dextran and Lactobacillus casei ssp. casei strain JCM1134 T (synbiotic; SB) feeding on growth performance, fecal condition and hormone concentrations in Holstein calves. Fifty-two female Holstein calves were randomly assigned to three treatment groups: CE feeding group (n=16), SB feeding group (n=18), and control group (n=18). Body weight at 90days of age, as well as daily body weight gain (DG) and feed efficiency after weaning to 90days of age were greater (P<0.05) in the CE feeding group than in the control group. The total fecal score tended to be lower (P<0.1) in the SB feeding group than in the control group. Plasma insulin concentration was higher (P<0.05) in the CE feeding group than in the control group at 90days of age. Our results indicate that CE feeding improved DG and feed efficiency in calves. On the other hand, there was less effect on growth performance and fecal Escherichia coli counts in calves fed SB.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)543-548
Number of pages6
JournalAnimal Science Journal
Volume82
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Aug 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cellooligosaccharide
  • Fecal bacteria
  • Growth performance
  • Holstein calves
  • Synbiotic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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