Effect of boron doping on cellular discontinuous precipitation for age-hardenable Cu-Ti alloys

Satoshi Semboshi, Jun Ikeda, Akihiro Iwase, Takayuki Takasugi, Shigeru Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


The effects of boron doping on the microstructural evolution and mechanical and electrical properties of age-hardenable Cu-4Ti (at.%) alloys are investigated. In the quenched Cu-4Ti-0.03B (at.%) alloy, elemental B (boron) is preferentially segregated at the grain boundaries of the supersaturated solid-solution phase. The aging behavior of the B-doped alloy is mostly similar to that of conventional age-hardenable Cu-Ti alloys. In the early stage of aging at 450 °C, metastable β'-Cu4Ti with fine needle-shaped precipitates continuously form in the matrix phase. Cellular discontinuous precipitates composed of the stable β-Cu4Ti and solid-solution laminates are then formed and grown at the grain boundaries. However, the volume fraction of the discontinuous precipitates is lower in the Cu-4Ti-0.03B alloy than the Cu-4Ti alloy, particularly in the over-aging period of 72-120 h. The suppression of the formation of discontinuous precipitates eventually results in improvement of the hardness and tensile strength. It should be noted that minor B doping of Cu-Ti alloys also effectively enhances the elongation to fracture, which should be attributed to segregation of B at the grain boundaries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3467-3478
Number of pages12
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Aging
  • Boron
  • Cu-Ti alloy
  • Discontinuous precipitate
  • Strengthening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)


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