Effect of basic oxygen furnace slag on succession of the bacterial community and immobilization of various metal ions in acidic contaminated mine soil

Tingting Wen, Liyun Yang, Chenyuan Dang, Takahiro Miki, Hao Bai, Tetsuya Nagasaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As an immobilizing agent for metal ions, basic oxygen furnace slag may affect bacterial community succession, thus further promote metal ion immobilization in acidic contaminated soil. In this work, pot experiments were conducted to study the effects of adding 10 g/kg (S10) and 15 g/kg (S15) slag on soil properties, plant growth, bacterial community succession and various metal ion immobilization in acidic mine soils contaminated by Pb, Zn, Cu, Cr and Cd. The results showed that after 93 days of potting, the soil pH, electrical conductivity, total nitrogen and organic carbon content increased significantly (P < 0.05), and the dry weight of Poa pratensis L. increased significantly (P < 0.05) in S10 and S15 compared with in original soil group. With slag addition and plant growth, the diversity and richness indices of bacterial communities greatly improved, and at the genus level, the abundance of metal-tolerant bacteria and bacteria beneficial to plant growth increased, while the abundance of acidophiles decreased. After adding slag to the soil, the various metals were immobilized because slag could not only immobilize metal ions through ion exchange and coprecipitation, but also benefit plant growth and bacterial community succession which further promote the immobilization of metal ions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121784
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume388
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Apr 15

Keywords

  • Acidic contaminated soil
  • Bacterial community succession
  • Basic oxygen furnace slag
  • Immobilizing mechanism
  • Various metal ions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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