Effect of autogenic training on general improvement in patients with irritable bowel syndrome: A randomized controlled trial

Masae Shinozaki, Motoyori Kanazawa, Michiko Kano, Yuka Endo, Naoki Nakaya, Michio Hongo, Shin Fukudo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Autogenic training (AT) is a useful and comprehensive relaxation technique. However, no studies have investigated the effects of AT on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). In this study we tested the hypothesis that AT improves symptoms of IBS. Twenty-one patients with IBS were randomly assigned to AT (n = 11, 5 male, 6 female) or control therapy (n = 10, 5 male, 5 female). AT patients were trained intensively, while the control therapy consisted of discussions about patients' meal habits and life styles. All patients answered a question related to adequate relief (AR) of IBS symptoms and four questionnaires: Self-induced IBS Questionnaire (SIBSQ), Self-reported Depression Scale (SDS), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), and Medical Outcome Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36). The proportion of AR in the last AT session in the AT group (9/11, 81.8%) was significantly higher than that in the controls (3/10, 30.0%, Chi-square test, p = 0.048). Two subscales of the SF-36, i.e., social functioning and bodily pain, were significantly improved in the AT group (p < 0.05) as compared to the control group. Role emotional (p = 0.051) and general health (p = 0.068) showed a tendency for improvement in the AT group. AT may be useful in the treatment of IBS by enhancing self-control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-198
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Psychophysiology Biofeedback
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Sep

Keywords

  • Adequate relief (AR)
  • Autogenic training (AT)
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Quality of life (QOL)
  • Randomized controlled trial (RCT)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Applied Psychology

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