Effect of angiotensin II receptor antagonist (losartan) on renal function, serum potassium and blood pressure in patients with advanced renal failure: Differences between patients with a serum creatinine (SCr) level higher than 3 mg/dl and those with a lower SCr level

Masaaki Nakayama, Yudo Tanno, Yasushi Otsuka, Hajime Takahashi, Masato Ikeda, Naohiko Katoh, Keitaro Yokoyama, Hiroyasu Yamamoto, Goro Tokutome, Tatsuo Hosoya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The administration of angiotensin II receptor antagonist (AIIA) to patients with advanced chronic renal failure (CRF) is not actively recommended. This study was performed to verify the appropriateness of this situation and to determine if there are any substantial differences between patients with a serum creatinine (SCr) level higher than 3 mg/dl and those with a lower SCr level in terms of the clinical effects such as renal function, serum potassium level and systemic blood pressure (BP) after the administration of AIIA. Sixteen patients with advanced CRF who were admitted to the out-patient clinic in Jikei University Hospital (1998/1-1999/12) were enrolled (average age: 65 years, underlying renal disease: diabetic nephropathy 6, CGN 5, and other 1). They had never been administered AIIA before. The patients were classified into two groups in accordance with their level of SCr: group A (SCr lower than 3.0 mg/dl; n= 11), and Group B (SCr higher than 3.0 mg/dl; n=5). Losartan (50 mg/day) administration was started in order to examine parameters such as the SCr, potassium, BP at the out-patient clinic, and urinary protein excretion at the 0, 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 month time points. Although the 1/SCr values provided negative slopes with time in both groups, no significant difference was found between the two slopes. There were no changes in the serum potassium levels or urinary protein excretion during the study period in either group, and no statistical difference was found between the two groups. Although the serum potassium level exceeded 5.5 mEq/l in two patients each in both groups, the level was controlled by diet therapy with restricted potassium. BP was reduced significantly in both groups during the study period, and no statistical difference in BP reduction was observed between the two groups. In conclusion, the results indicate there were no differences in the effect on renal function, serum potassium levels or systemic BP between the patients with a SCr level higher than 3.0 mg/dl and those with a lower level. The results also support the notion that patients with advanced renal dysfunction are not precluded from AIIA administration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)530-536
Number of pages7
JournalJapanese Journal of Nephrology
Volume44
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Dec 14

Keywords

  • Advanced renal failure
  • Angiotensin II receptor antagonist
  • Blood pressure
  • Losartan
  • Potassium
  • Renal function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of angiotensin II receptor antagonist (losartan) on renal function, serum potassium and blood pressure in patients with advanced renal failure: Differences between patients with a serum creatinine (SCr) level higher than 3 mg/dl and those with a lower SCr level'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this