Effect of alloying elements on martensitic transformation in the binary NiAl(β) phase alloys

R. Kainuma, H. Ohtani, K. Ishida

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59 Citations (Scopus)


The characteristics of the B2(β) to L10(β) martensitic transformation in NiAl base alloys containing a small amount of third elements have been investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). It is found that in addition to the normal L10 (3R) martensite, the 7R martensite is also present in the ternary alloys containing Ti, Mo, Ag, Ta, or Zr. While the addition of third elements X (X: Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Zr, Nb, Mo, Ta, W, and Si) to the binary Ni64Al36 alloy stabilizes the parent β phase, thereby lowering the Ms temperature, addition of third elements such as Co, Cu, or Ag destabilizes the β phase, increasing the Ms temperature. The occurrence of the 7R martensite structure is attributed to solid solution hardening arising from the difference in atomic size between Ni and Al and the third elements added. The variation in Ms temperature with third element additions is primarily ascribed to the difference in lattice stabilities of the bcc and fcc phases of the alloying elements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2445-2453
Number of pages9
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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