Effect of Al Content on Abnormal Grain Growth and Superelasticity in Fe–Mn–Al–Cr–Ni Shape Memory Alloys with Near-Zero Temperature-Dependence of Transformation Stress

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Abstract

The solvus temperature of face-centered cubic (FCC) phase in Fe–34Mn–xAl–4Cr–7.5Ni (x = 13, 14, and 15) shape memory alloys with different Al contents, and their abnormal grain growth and superelasticity at various temperatures were evaluated. With increasing Al content, the solvus temperature of the FCC phase decreased and the FCC precipitates became finer. Whereas cyclic heat treatment induced abnormal grain growth (AGG) in all samples, large grains were obtained more easily in the alloys with higher Al content. The critical stress for martensitic transformation increased with increasing Al content. The x = 14 alloy is the optimal composition considering grain growth and superelasticity. The newly developed Fe–34Mn–14Al–4Cr–7.5Ni alloy, in which single-crystal can easily be fabricated by AGG, exhibited superelasticity at temperatures ranging from − 263 °C (10 K) to 27 °C (300 K), with a very small temperature-dependence of the critical stress, comparable to that of conventional Fe–34Mn–13.5Al–3Cr–7.5Ni alloy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)402-413
Number of pages12
JournalShape Memory and Superelasticity
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Sep

Keywords

  • Abnormal grain growth
  • Ferrous shape memory alloy
  • Microstructure control
  • Superelasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials

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