Norepinephrine (NE) amplifies the mitogenic effect of EGF in a rat liver through the adrenergic receptor coupled with G protein, GhαGhαis also known as a transglutaminase 2 (TG2), whose cross-linking activity is implicated in hepatocyte growth. Recently, we found that NE-induced amplification of EGF-induced DNA synthesis in hepatocytes obtained from perivenous regions of liver is caused by inhibiting the downregulation of EGF receptor (EGFR) by TG2. In the present study, we investigated the effect of aging on NE-related proliferative response. Hepatocytes were obtained from the liver of 7- and 90-wk-old rats. To examine this in detail, periportal hepatocytes (PPH) and perivenous hepatocytes (PVH) were isolated using the digitonin/collagenase perfusion technique. EGF or NE receptor binding was analyzed by Scatchard analysis. Changes in NE-induced DNA synthesis, G protein activity, and TG2 activity were measured. NE slightly potentiated [125I]EGF binding to EGFR, and EGF-induced DNA synthesis in PVH but not in PPH. [3H]NE binding studies indicated that PVH have a greater number of receptors than PPH, and that the number of receptors in both subpopulations increased with aging. NE-induced changes in G protein activity and TG2 activity in 90-wk-old rats were slight compared with 7-wk-old rats. These results suggest that NE results in a slight recovery effect on the age-related decline in EGF-induced DNA synthesis because of incomplete switching of the function from TG2 to Ghα.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 2012 Oct 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)