EDTA mediated microwave hydrothermal synthesis of WO3 hierarchical structure and its photoactivity under simulated solar light

Rajesh Adhikari, Gobinda Gyawali, Tae Ho Kim, Tohru Sekino, Soo Wohn Lee

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20 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we report a facile microwave hydrothermal synthesis of WO3 hierarchical structure in presence of disodium salt of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) as a complexing agent and its photoactivity for the degradation of rhodamine B (Rh B) under simulated solar light irradiation. The synthesized WO3 samples were structurally, morphologically and optically characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (UV-vis DRS) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area analysis. The result revealed that the addition of EDTA leads to the controlled aggregation of WO3 nanoparticles having high crystallinity with monoclinic structure and creates oxygen vacancy in the WO3 lattice. Moreover, at high concentration of EDTA, cauliflower like hierarchical structure was formed when the optimum concentration of EDTA reaches to 0.5 mol% at pH 6 and exhibited best photoactivity for the Rh B degradation. These results indicate that the WO3 hierarchical structures with oxygen vacancies are potential materials for effective mineralization of Rh B, one of the hazardous pollutants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1365-1370
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Environmental Chemical Engineering
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Sep


  • Complexing agent
  • EDTA
  • Hierarchical
  • Rhodamine B

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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