Ecological studies on the community of drifting seaweeds in the south-eastern coastal waters of Izu Peninsula, central Japan. I. Seasonal changes of plants in species composition, appearance, number of species and size

Tetsu Hirata, Jiro Tanaka, Tetsuo Iwami, Takashi Ohmi, Akihiro Dazai, Masakazu Aoki, Hajime Ueda, Yasutaka Tsuchiya, Toshihiko Sato, Yasutsugu Yokohama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Seasonal patterns of drifting seaweeds in the southeastern coastal waters of Izu Peninsula of central Japan were examined by sampling 966 patches from spring to autumn 1991-1993. In total, 57 plant species appeared, including 10 epiphytic algal species. Monthly totals of the number of species, excluding epiphytic algae, were highest in May (33) and August (27), though 19-21 species of sargassaceous algae were found from May to August. The number of species, excluding epiphytic algae, in one patch of drifting seaweeds was 1 to 11 (x̄ = 2.93 ± 2.06) with high richness in May a result of almost entirely sargassaceous species. The wet weight of each patch and maximum stipe length of plants varied from 5 to 6970 g and from 20 to 840 cm (x̄ = 536.1 ± 782.3 g and 110.6 ± 76.8 cm), respectively, with highs in April and May. Out of 18 species common to all years, 10 species dominated the top or second rank in monthly pooled frequency of appearance. Seasonal changes of these 10 major species were examined. Sargassum horneri (Turner) C. Agardh and Hizikia fusiformis (Harvey) Okamura were abundant in April, but were replaced partly by Sargassum muticum (Yendo) Fensholt in May and largely by Sargassum yamamotoi Yoshida in June. In July, Sargassum nipponicum Yendo and Sargassum piluliferum (Turner) C. Agardh dominated. Subsequently, the major species shifted to Sargassum ringgoldianum Harvey and S. yamamotoi in August, Sargassum micracanthum (Kützing) Endlicher, Sargassum macrocarpum C. Agardh and Zostera marina Linnaeus in September, and S. ringgoldianum and S. micracanthum in October. However, the occurrence of S. yamamotoi, S. nipponicum and S. piluliferum in June or July were particularly heterogeneous compared with other areas of Japan. Dendrogram analysis was done based on frequency of appearance. Pooled monthly samples were divided into three groups characterized from the dominant species, degree of domination, weight, length and number of species of drifting seaweeds as well as the degree of diversity or evenness in appearance. This characterization indicated that the diversity and abundance of drifting seaweeds were higher from April to June than in later months.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-229
Number of pages15
JournalPhycological Research
Volume49
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Drifting seaweeds
  • Frequency of appearance
  • Izu Peninsula
  • Number of species
  • Plant community
  • Sargassum
  • Seasonal changes
  • Species composition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Plant Science

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