Early spectral evolution of the rapidly expanding type ia supernova 2006X

Masayuki Yamanaka, Hiroyuki Naito, Kenzo Kinugasa, Naohiro Takanashi, Masaomi Tanaka, Koji S. Kawabata, Shinobu Ozaki, Shin Ya Narusawa, Kozo Sadakane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present optical spectroscopic and photometric observations of Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) 2006X from 10 d before the B-band maximum to 91 d after. This object exhibits one of the highest expansion velocities ever published for SNe Ia. At its premaximum phases, the spectra show strong and broad features of intermediate-mass elements, such as Si, S, Ca, and Mg, while the O I λ7773 line is weak. The extremely high velocities of the Si II and S II lines and the weak feature of the O I line suggest that an intense nucleosynthesis might take place in the outer layers, favoring a delayed detonation model. Interestingly, the Si II λ5972 feature is quite shallow, resulting in an unusually low depth ratio of Si ii λ5972 to Si ii λ6355, R(Si ii). The low R(Si ii) is usually interpreted as being a high photospheric temperature. However, the weak Si iii λ4560 line suggests a low temperature, in contradiction with an interpretation on the low R(Si ii). This could imply that the Si ii λ5972 line might be contaminated by underlying emission. We propose that R(Si ii) may not be a good temperature indicator for a rapidly expanding SN Ia in the premaximum phases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)713-720
Number of pages8
JournalPublications of the Astronomical Society of Japan
Volume61
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Apectroscopic
  • General
  • Individual (SN 2006X)
  • Stars
  • Supernovae
  • Techniques

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Yamanaka, M., Naito, H., Kinugasa, K., Takanashi, N., Tanaka, M., Kawabata, K. S., Ozaki, S., Narusawa, S. Y., & Sadakane, K. (2009). Early spectral evolution of the rapidly expanding type ia supernova 2006X. Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, 61(4), 713-720. https://doi.org/10.1093/pasj/61.4.713