E8 Spectra of Quasi-One-Dimensional Antiferromagnet BaCo2 V2 O8 under Transverse Field

Haiyuan Zou, Yi Cui, Xiao Wang, Z. Zhang, J. Yang, G. Xu, A. Okutani, M. Hagiwara, M. Matsuda, G. Wang, Giuseppe Mussardo, K. Hódsági, M. Kormos, Zhangzhen He, S. Kimura, Rong Yu, Weiqiang Yu, Jie Ma, Jianda Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We report V51 NMR and inelastic neutron scattering (INS) measurements on a quasi-1D antiferromagnet BaCo2V2O8 under transverse field along the [010] direction. The scaling behavior of the spin-lattice relaxation rate above the Néel temperatures unveils a 1D quantum critical point (QCP) at Hc1D≈4.7 T, which is masked by the 3D magnetic order. With the aid of accurate analytical analysis and numerical calculations, we show that the zone center INS spectrum at Hc1D is precisely described by the pattern of the 1D quantum Ising model in a magnetic field, a class of universality described in terms of the exceptional E8 Lie algebra. These excitations are nondiffusive over a certain field range when the system is away from the 1D QCP. Our results provide an unambiguous experimental realization of the massive E8 phase in the compound, and open a new experimental route for exploring the dynamics of quantum integrable systems as well as physics beyond integrability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number077201
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Aug 13

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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