Porphyromonas gingivalis, a major periodontal pathogen, may contribute to atherogenesis and other inflammatory cardiovascular diseases. However, little is known about interactions between P. gingivalis and endothelial cells. E-selectin is a membrane protein on endothelial cells that initiates recruitment of leukocytes to inflamed tissue, and it may also play a role in pathogen attachment. In the present study, we examined the role of E-selectin in P. gingivalis adherence to endothelial cells. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were stimulated with tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) to induce E-selectin expression. Adherence of P. gingivalis to HUVECs was measured by fluorescence microscopy. TNF-α increased adherence of wild-type P. gingivalis to HUVECs. Antibodies to E-selectin and sialyl Lewis X suppressed P. gingivalis adherence to stimulated HUVECs. P. gingivalis mutants lacking OmpA-like proteins Pgm6 and -7 had reduced adherence to stimulated HUVECs, but fimbria-deficient mutants were not affected. E-selectin-mediated P. gingivalis adherence activated endothelial exocytosis. These results suggest that the interaction between host E-selectin and pathogen Pgm6/7 mediates P. gingivalis adherence to endothelial cells and may trigger vascular inflammation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases