Dynamics of a hybrid system of a brain neural network and an artificial nonlinear oscillator

Norihiro Katayama, Mitsuyuki Nakao, Hiroaki Saitoh, Mitsuaki Yamamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the brain, many functional modules interact with each other to execute complex information processing. Understanding the nature of these interactions is necessary for understanding how the brain functions. In this study, to mimic interacting modules in the brain, we constructed a hybrid system mutually coupling a hippocampal CA3 network as an actual brain module and a radial isochron clock (RIC) simulated by a personal computer as an artificial module. Return map analysis of the CA3-RIC system's dynamics showed the mutual entrainment and complex dynamics dependent on the coupling modes. The phase response curve of CA3 was modeled regarding the CA3 as a nonlinear oscillator. Using the phase response curves of CA3 and RIC, we reconstructed return maps of the hybrid system's dynamics. Although the reconstructed return maps almost agreed with the experimental data, there were deviations dependent on the coupling mode. In particular, we noted that the deviation was smaller under the bidirectional coupling conditions than during the one-way coupling from RIC to CA3. These results suggest that brain modules may flexibly change their dynamical properties through interaction with other modules.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-257
Number of pages9
JournalBioSystems
Volume58
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Dec 1

Keywords

  • Coupled oscillators
  • Field potential
  • Hippocampal neurons
  • Mutual entrainment
  • Phase resetting
  • Synchronization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Applied Mathematics

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