We present a method for macroscopic quantum tunneling, named dynamical norm method, which works over a very wide range of situations between the adiabatic and the sudden limits. We examine the validity of the method by studying the effects of linear oscillator coupling on the tunneling rate through an Eckart barrier. We then apply the method to discussing the effects of a nuclear intrinsic excitation on fission. This method shows that the adiabaticity of the tunneling process is governed not only by the relative time scale of the tunneling degree of freedom and of environmental degrees of freedom, but also by the properties of the coupling between them. We also show that the dynamical norm factor which represents nonadiabatic effects in our method is closely related to the dissipation factor in the Caldeira-Leggett theory for dissipative quantum tunneling.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics