Dynamic observation of dislocation-free plastic deformation in gold thin foils

Y. Matsukawa, K. Yasunaga, M. Komatsu, M. Kiritani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Ductile fracture of metals produces a thin foil portion, which is observable by transmission electron microscopy, at the fractured edge. The thin foil portion shows unusual deformation microstructure, which contains no dislocations, but contains vacancy-type point defect clusters at extraordinarily high density. Dynamic observation of the deformation process revealed that these defect clusters are produced in the portion of local heavy deformation; however, no dislocation motion was observed during the course of the heavy plastic deformation, constituting direct evidence that the unusual deformation microstructure is produced by plastic deformation without dislocations. Also, the deformation was found to involve 14% elastic deformation, indicating that the dislocation-free plastic deformation occurs under an extraordinarily high internal stress level of more than 10 GPa, which is comparable to the ideal strength of metals. Furthermore, during the dislocation-free plastic deformation, equal-thickness fringes were found to disappear temporarily, suggesting that instability of crystalline state under extraordinarily high internal stress level is a key factor for the mechanism of dislocation-free plastic deformation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-16
Number of pages9
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jun 15
Externally publishedYes


  • Dislocation
  • Plastic deformation
  • Point defect
  • Transmission electron microscope

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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