Dynamic cortical activity during spasms in three patients with west syndrome: A multichannel near-infrared spectroscopic topography study

Mitsutoshi Munakata, Kazuhiro Haginoya, Mamiko Ishitobi, Osamu Sakamoto, Ikuko Sato, Taro Kitamura, Mieko Hirose, Hiroyuki Yokoyama, Kazuie Iinuma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate spatial and temporal cortical activity during clusters of naturally occurring epileptic spasms in patients with West syndrome (WS) by using multichannel near-infrared spectroscopy (mNIRS). Methods: Conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and interictal and ictal single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) were carried out in three patients with WS. Thereafter, cortical hemodynamics during naturally occurring epileptic spasms were measured by mNIRS with simultaneous video/ electroencephalographic (EEG) monitoring. Results: Ictal SPECT revealed multiple hyperperfused areas within the cortex. With the use of mNIRS, an increase in regional cerebral blood volume (CBV) was observed in these areas, which is representative of cortical activation. The increase in CBV was accompanied by an increase in the concentrations of both oxy- and deoxyhemoglobin. The following heterogeneous regional changes in CBV during ictus were observed: (a) transient increases that were synchronized with spasms; (b) a gradual increase during an ictal event that fluctuated in synchrony with spasms; and (c) a combination of transient and gradual increases. An increase in regional CBV occurred in multiple areas that were activated either simultaneously or sequentially during an ictal event. Topographic changes in CBV were closely correlated with the phenotype of the spasm. Conclusions: During ictal events, multiple cortical areas were activated simultaneously or sequentially. The pattern of cortical activation closely affected the phenotype of the spasm, which suggested that the cortex was involved in the generation of spasms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1248-1257
Number of pages10
JournalEpilepsia
Volume45
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Oct

Keywords

  • Infantile spasm
  • Near-infrared spectroscopy
  • West syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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