Dust heating by low-mass stars in massive galaxies at Z< 1

M. Kajisawa, T. Morishita, Y. Taniguchi, M. A.R. Kobayashi, T. Ichikawa, Y. Fukui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Using the Hubble Space Telescope/Wide Field Camera 3 imaging data and multi-wavelength photometric catalog, we investigated the dust temperature of passively evolving and star-forming galaxies at in the CANDELS fields. We estimated the stellar radiation field by low-mass stars from the stellar mass and surface brightness profile of these galaxies and then calculated their steady-state dust temperature. At first, we tested our method using nearby early-type galaxies with the deep far-IR data by the Herschel Virgo cluster survey and confirmed that the estimated dust temperatures are consistent with the observed temperatures within the uncertainty. We then applied the method to galaxies at 0.2 < z < 1.0, and found that mostpassively evolving galaxies with Mstar > 1010 M⊙ have relatively high dust temperatures of Tdust > 20 K, for which the formation efficiency of molecular hydrogen on the surface of dust grains in the diffuse ISM is expected to be very low from the laboratory experiments. The fraction of passively evolving galaxies strongly depends on the expected dust temperature at all redshifts and increases rapidlyincreasing temperature around Tdust ∼ 20 K. These results suggest that the dust heating by low-mass stars in massive galaxies plays an important role in the continuation of their passive evolutionbecause the lack of the shielding effect of the molecular hydrogen on the UV radiation can prevent the gas cooling and formation of new stars.

Original languageEnglish
Article number134
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Mar 10


  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: formation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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