Dual specificity protein kinase activity of testis-specific protein kinase 1 and its regulation by autophosphorylation of serine-215 within the activation loop

Jiro Toshima, Tomoko Tanaka, Kensaku Mizuno

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26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

TESK1 (testis-specific protein kinase 1) is a protein kinase with a structure composed of an N-terminal protein kinase domain and a C-terminal proline-rich domain. Whereas the 3.6-kilobase TESK1 mRNA is expressed predominantly in the testis, a faint 2.5-kilobase TESK1 mRNA is expressed ubiquitously. The kinase domain of TESK1 contains in the catalytic loop in subdomain VIB an unusual DLTSKN sequence, which is not related to the consensus sequence of either serine/threonine kinases or tyrosine kinases. In this study, we show that TESK1 has kinase activity with dual specificity on both serine/threonine and tyrosine residues. In an in vitro kinase reaction, the kinase domain of TESK1 underwent autophosphorylation on serine and tyrosine residues and catalyzed phosphorylation of histone H3 and myelin basic protein on serine, threonine, and tyrosine residues. Site-directed mutagenesis analyses revealed that Ser-215 within the 'activation loop' of the kinase domain is the site of serine autophosphorylation of TESK1. Replacement of Ser-215 by alanine almost completely abolished serine autophosphorylation and histone H3 kinase activities. In contrast, replacement of Ser-215 by glutamic acid abolished serine autophosphorylation activity but retained histone H3 kinase activity. These results suggest that autophosphorylation of Ser215 is an important step to positively regulate the kinase activity of TESK1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12171-12176
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume274
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Apr 23

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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