Dual immunoassay of human chorionic gonadotropin and human placental lactogen at a miocrofabricated substrate by scanning electrochemical microscopy

Hitoshi Shiku, Yoshitake Hara, Tomokazu Matsue, Isamu Uchida, Tadakazu Yamauchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A dual imtnunoassay of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) and human placental lactogen (HPL) at a microfabricated substrate was studied using scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM). Anti-HCG and anti-HPL were microspotted on 50 × 50 μm2 raised flat squares separated from each other by 150 μm at a glass substrate. A 10 μ1 sample solution containing HCG and/or HPL was then dropped onto the substrate followed by treatment with a solution of horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-labeled anti-HCG and HRP-labeled anti-HPL. The SECM measurements were carried out at 0.05V vs. Ag|AgCl in the presence of ferrocenylmethanol (FMA) and H2O2 to detect FMA+ generated by the HRP reaction. The SECM images of the substrates showed clearly the large response areas which corresponded to the squares with HCG and/or HPL. The detection limits were 0.1 IU ml-1 for HCG and 3 ng ml-1 for HPL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-190
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
Volume438
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Nov 25

Keywords

  • Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
  • Multianalyte sensing
  • Scanning electrochemical microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry

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