Certain activating immune receptors expressed on myeloid cells noncovalently associate with either DAP12 or FcεRIγ (FcRγ chain), the ITAM-bearing transmembrane adapter proteins. An activating receptor, myeloid-associated Ig-like receptor (MAIR) II, is expressed on a subset of B cells and macrophages in the spleen and peritoneal cavity of mice and associates with DAP12 in these cells. However, we demonstrate here that cross-linking MAIR-II with inAb induced secretion of a significant amount of the inflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-6 from DAP12-/- as well as wild-type (WT) peritoneal macrophages. We show that MAIR-II associates with not only DAP12 but-also FcRγ chain homodimers in peritoneal macrophages. LPS enhanced the FcRγ chain expression and FcRγ chain-dependent cell surface expression of MAIR-II and had additive effects on MAIR-II-mediated inflammatory cytokine secretion from peritoneal macrophages. The lysine residue in the transmembrane region of MAIR-II was involved in the association with FcRγ chain as well as DAP12. Our findings present the first case of an activating receptor that uses either DAP12 or FcRγ chain as a signaling adapter. The FcRγ chain may provide cooperation with and/or compensation for DAP12 in MAIR-II-mediated inflammatory responses by peritoneal macrophages.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy