Droplet behavior analysis on inclined, highly sticky, or slippery superhydrophobic nanostructured surfaces by observation and SPH simulation

Shungo Natsui, Kazui Tonya, Daiki Nakajima, Tatsuya Kikuchi, Hiroshi Nogami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Although the motion of water droplets on a superhydrophobic surface is important for industrial processes, the characteristics of the slippery/sticky contact line are not fully understood at the macroscopic continuum fluid scale. In this study, we tracked the dynamic contact angle of the solid–liquid–gas phase when droplets moved on a superhydrophobic nanostructured surface. High-speed observations revealed the pinning/unpinning behavior of the droplets’ receding contact part. The droplets were modeled by introducing momentum attenuation as a friction model in the smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) framework, which assumes a macroscopically smooth surface with different slippery properties. From a macroscopic perspective, droplet pinning requires both horizontal movement and the suppression of the rotational motion acting on the solid–liquid interface. A sticky solid surface was successfully modeled using this simple model; thus, it can be applied to more practical problems such as prediction of the motion of melts on coke.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117214
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Volume248
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Feb 2

Keywords

  • Contact angle
  • Friction model
  • Slippery
  • Smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH)
  • Sticky
  • Superhydrophobic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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