Summary. The ScSp wave converted from the ScS wave at the boundary between the descending lithospheric slab and the mantle above it was clearly observed from a nearby deep earthquake with magnitude 7.7 at some stations of the seismic network of Tohoku University which covers the Tohoku District, the northeastern part of Honshu, Japan. By applying the three‐dimensional seismic‐ray tracing method, the location of this boundary was determined from the difference in arrival time between the ScS and ScSp waves. The result shows that the upper boundary of the descending slab lies exactly on the upper plane of the double‐planed deep seismic zone found in the Northeastern Japan Arc. There is an additional evidence that the boundary is located on the upper plane of the double‐planed deep seismic zone. The hypocentre distribution of intermediate‐depth earthquakes located by the small‐scale seismic‐array observation is extremely different from that obtained by the relatively large‐scale seismic network. The discrepancy in the distribution of hypocentres of the same earthquake independently located is well explained by the inclined lithospheric slab model derived from the difference in arrival time between the ScS and ScSp waves. The earthquakes with reverse faulting or with down‐dip compressional stresses occur at the upper boundary of the descending slab. Within the descending slab, the earthquakes with down‐dip extensional stresses also occur in a very narrow zone from 30 to 40 km below the dipping boundary in the depth range from 50 to about 200 km, and these shocks form the lower plane of the double‐planed deep seismic zone.
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Geophysical Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society|
|Publication status||Published - 1978 Aug|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geochemistry and Petrology