Double-planed structure of the deep seismic zone in the northeastern Japan arc

Akira Hasegawa, Norihito Umino, Akio Takagi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

274 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A double-planed structure of deep seismic zone has been found over a wide area more then 300 km × 200 km in the Tohoku District, the northeastern part of Honshu, Japan. This prominent feature of the configuration of the deep seismic zone has been ascertained through a precise determination of the microearthquake hypocenters by using the data from the seismic network of Tohoku University. The two planes are nearly parallel to each other, the distance between the two planes being from 30 to 40 km. Composite focal mechanism solutions are derived from the superposition of the distribution of first motions of P waves, and the different fault types are obtained for the two groups of earthquakes; the earthquakes which occurred in the upper plane are characterized by reverse faulting, some of them by down-dip compressional stresses, and those in the lower plane by down-dip extensional stresses. The evidence obtained here provides valuable information for the definition of the type of mechanism producing the plate motion beneath the island arc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-58
Number of pages16
JournalTectonophysics
Volume47
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1978 May 19

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth-Surface Processes

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