Dose modification of imatinib by monitoring the level of BCR-ABL transcript in chronic myelogenous leukemia

Izumi Ishikawa, Chiaki Kato, Hideo Harigae, Tomohiro Sugawara, Yasuo Tomiya, Minami Yamada, Kenichi Ishizawa, Junichi Kameoka, Koichi Miyamura, Takeshi Sasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is a hematological malignancy that is characterized by the chromosome anomaly, t(9;22)(q34;q11). By this chromosomal translocation, a novel activated tyrosine kinase, BCR-ABL chimeric protein, is generated, and the protein is causative of the disease. Recently, Imatinib mesylate targeting to a BCR-ABL chimeric protein has been developed, and shown to achieve complete remission at a high rate. Patients are currently required to receive a fixed dose, 400 mg daily; however, it is possible that some of patients can maintain their remission with reduced doses of imatinib. In this study, we determined levels of BCR-ABL transcript in CML patients by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis, and explored the possibility of individualization of therapeutic doses of imatinib. Thirty-five CML patients, including 17 newly diagnosed patients, 16 patients pre-treated with interferon-alpha, and 2 relapsed patients after allogeneic transplantation, were treated with imatinib. Complete cytogenetic response was achieved in 31 (89%) patients. Major molecular response (MMR) was achieved in 21 (60%). Complete molecular response (CMR) was achieved in 7 (20%). Imatinib was discontinued in 2 patients, one patient with MMR due to noncompliance and other patient sustaining CMR, but both patients relapsed 7 and 13 months later, respectively. The doses of imatinib were reduced in 7 patients due to its side effects, but 4 out of the 7 patients have sustained MMR, and 2 of them have sustained CMR for more than 23 months. These results indicate that some patients are able to maintain MMR with low-dose imatinib.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)355-363
Number of pages9
JournalTohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Volume210
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Dec 5

Keywords

  • BCR-ABL
  • Chronic myeloid leukemia
  • Dose modification
  • Imatinib mesylate
  • RQ-PCR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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