CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone) −/+ rituximab (R) is the standard chemotherapeutic regimen for aggressive lymphoma, but is insufficient for aggressive lymphoma with adverse prognostic factors. Dose-adjusted (DA)-EPOCH (etoposide, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisolone) −/+ R demonstrates excellent efficacy against some aggressive lymphoma. Thus, we conducted a retrospective study to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of this therapy in clinical practice. We enrolled 149 patients from 17 institutions diagnosed between 2007 and 2015. The median follow-up period for survivors was 27 months (range 0.2–123). The complete response (CR) rate of newly diagnosed patients was 79% (95% CI 68–87%). All patients were hospitalized to receive this therapy and 94% of patients also received granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor support. There were no treatment-related deaths. Febrile neutropenia (FN) and grade 3 or 4 infection occurred in 55% and 28% of patients, respectively. There were no significant differences in FN or infection between young (≤ 65 years) and elderly patients (> 65 years). In newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma-not otherwise specified patients (n = 46), the CR rate was 80% (95% CI 64–91%) and the 2-year OS rate was 81% (95% CI 66–90%). In the present study, DA-EPOCH −/+ R exhibited excellent efficacy and feasibility for aggressive lymphoma.
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