High functional group compatibility of iridium-catalyzed synthesis of enamines from amides and 1,1,3,3-tetramethyldisiloxane (TMDS) realized facile access of a series of donor (D)-π-acceptor (A)-conjugated enamines, in which enamine behaves as a donor functional group. The amide precursors containing reducible functional groups, such as halogen, carbonyl, and nitro groups, underwent reaction with TMDS to give the corresponding enamines in high yields. In most cases, chemoselective hydrosilane reduction of the amide group occurred while other reducible groups remained intact. Absorption and emission properties including solvatochromic behavior for the resulting D-π-A-conjugated enamines were determined using UV-visible and fluorescent spectra, which provided an understanding of the donor properties of the CH=CHNPh2 group and photofunctional properties of the D-π-A conjugated enamines as a fluorescent dye. Maximum absorption wavelength (λabs) of p-ZC6H4CH=CHNPh2 was predictable from λabs of p-ZC6H4NPh2, which was supported by density functional theory calculations. Some of the D-π-A-conjugated enamines showed fluorescence with moderate fluorescence quantum yields (φfl). Of interest are unusually emissive π-conjugated enamines containing a nitro group, which generally behaves as strong quenchers of fluorescence. The additive effect of B(C6F5)3 resulted in significant red shifts of λabs and λfl. In some cases, high φfl was observed in the solution state.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry