Background--Recent literature suggests that blood pressure variability (BPV) predicts outcome beyond blood pressure level (BPL) and that antihypertensive drug classes differentially influence BPV. We compared calcium channel blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, and angiotensin receptor blockade for effects on changes in self-measured home BPL and BPV and for their prognostic significance in newly treated hypertensive patients. Methods and Results--We enrolled 2484 patients randomly allocated to first-line treatment with a calcium channel blocker (n=833), an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (n=821), or angiotensin receptor blockade (n=830). Home blood pressures in the morning and evening were measured for 5 days off treatment before randomization and for 5 days after 2 to 4 weeks of randomized drug treatment. We assessed BPL and BPV changes as estimated by variability independent of the mean and compared cardiovascular outcomes. Home BPL response in each group was significant (P≤0.0001) but small in the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor group (systolic/diastolic: 4.6/2.8 mm Hg) compared with the groups treated with a calcium channel blocker (systolic/diastolic: 8.3/3.9 mm Hg) and angiotensin receptor blockade (systolic/diastolic: 8.2/4.5 mm Hg). In multivariable adjusted analyses, changes in home variability independent of the mean did not differ among the 3 drug classes (P≥0.054). Evening variability independent of the mean before treatment significantly predicted hard cardiovascular events independent of the corresponding home BPL (P≤0.022), whereas BPV did not predict any cardiovascular outcome based on the morning measurement (P≥0.056). Home BPV captured after monotherapy had no predictive power for cardiovascular outcome (P≥0.22). Conclusions--Self-measured home evening BPV estimated by variability independent of the mean had prognostic significance, whereas antihypertensive drug classes had no significant impact on BPV changes. Home BPL should remain the primary focus for risk stratification and treatment.
- Antihypertensive drugs
- Blood pressure variability
- Cardiovascular outcomes
- Home blood pressure
- Morning and evening self-measurement
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine